Renters becoming homebuyers is an interesting process. All homeowners have been renters at one point. Before a renter will make a move up to home ownership and become a first time homeowner, they will talk to a mortgage lender. They need to see what they are qualified for. What do you think the rules are for a renter as far as how much mortgage they can qualify for? They are the same rules as anyone else. The debt ratio limits are the same. The income requirements are the same. The credit score requirements are the same.
Renters becoming homebuyers – What is different for a renter?
The one thing that is different is that an underwriter will look for something called “payment shock”. They will try and determine if the monthly payment on a new loan amount is too much for a former renter to handle because it is too large of an increase from their former rent payment. If there is payment shock the underwriter will look for compensating factors that suggest that a renter can handle the payment shock. Compensating factors would be having extra cash reserves, or an exceptional credit score, or a very stable employment history. As you can see, renters becoming homebuyers can be tricky.
Renters want their mortgage payment to be the same as their rent
Most renters will say, “I want my mortgage payment to be about the same as my rent payment.” That will almost never happen. You cannot make an arbitrary decision on what your mortgage payment will be based on your comfort level with how much you have paid in rent. You would be comparing two completely different entities. Market rental prices and the square footage you were comfortable living in when in a rental are almost always completely different than those that you will look for when buying. And even neighborhood, amenities, views, level of finish, and other things will also be different. So the price is going to be different. Also, renters need to remember that they’re going to pay property taxes when they own a home, which you don’t do when you rent one.
My own first homeownership story
Speaking of Renters becoming homebuyers, let’s talk about when I bought my first house. I had been living with a childhood friend for 2 years. I was right out of college. My friend Doug told me his parents had divorced, had each moved into a new home, and that left him living in the home he had grown up in. And he was living there alone. His parents had paid off the mortgage and had decided to let Doug live in it rent free. It was a 4 bedroom house! So Doug asked me to live there as well.
He said all I had to do was split the utilities with him. So from 1986 through much of 1988 I had a place to live for $150 a month! But then I wanted my own space, and bought a townhouse. The payment was going to be $1,118 a month. I panicked! How could I afford this? I had been living in a place for $150 a month! But I could afford it easily. I was qualified, I made enough money, I had good credit. It was all going to be fine. My reaction was based on emotion and what I had been comfortable with. My reaction was not based on any fiscal reality.
The bottom line is to buy what you are qualified for, and not what you formerly rented for. You will never stop renting if this is your prerequisite for home ownership.